Thousands of desperate Venezuelans are trying to enter Colombia in a bid to escape the hunger and soaring crime rate caused by spiralling economic crisis. Incredible photos show mass exodus of refugees crossing Simon Bolivar international bridge trying to flee political crisis threatening to engulf Venezuela. Colombia, along with its neighbour Brazil, has sent extra soldiers to patrol their porous border with country after officially taking in more than half a million migrants over last 6 months of 2017. Country is also tightening its border controls in a bid to stem the flow. The dire economic conditions have led to lawlessness in parts of Venezuela’s capital Caracas, with truck drivers subjected to ‘Mad Max’ violence as looters target heavy goods vehicles carrying food.
According to Reuters, there were 162 lootings across Venezuela in January, including 42 robberies of trucks. That is compared to just 8 lootings, including 1 truck robbery, 12 months ago. Last month, 8 people were killed in lootings. Venezuela has one of world’s highest murder rates and attacks are pushing up food and transport costs. The truckers aren’t allowed to carry guns so have resorted to forming convoys to protect themselves. They text each other warnings about potential trouble spots and keep moving as fast as possible. Massive numbers of Venezuelans have been driven from their homes by a dire financial crisis that has seen many struggling to feed themselves. But mass migration arrives at a challenging time for Colombia and lawmakers have moved to tighten border controls. In a visit to a border city at epicenter of Colombia’s mounting migration crisis, President Juan Manuel Santos on Thursday announced new measures that could make it more difficult for Venezuelan migrants to cross into country illegally or remain there without any official status.
‘Colombia has never lived a situation like the one we are encountering today’ Santos told.
Migration into Colombia has surged as Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro has moved to consolidate his rule and nation’s economy plummets. Colombia migration authorities tells there are an estimated 600’000 Venezuelans currently in Colombia, double the number 6 months ago.
Venezuela exile associations and some border city officials have told they believe that number is higher. The unprecedented migration wave is putting strains on Colombia at a delicate time in its history. Nation is crawling out of a 5 decade long armed conflict following the signing of a peace deal with leftist rebels in 2016. Many of Venezuelans are arriving illegally and in need of medical attention. ‘This is a tragedy and I want to reiterate to President Maduro. This is the result of your policies’ Santos added.
More than 2’000 additional military officers will be deployed to control hundreds of dirt-road crossings known as ‘trochas’ that dot Colombia’s 1’370 mile (2’200 kilometer) border with Venezuela. A new migration patrol unit will also police public spaces where Venezuelan arrivals congregate, provide them orientation and to control issues like prostitution that have surfaced in migration wave’s wake.